100 Level (Foundation Courses for Non-Majors, Majors & Minors)

01:460:100--Planet Earth (3 cr), NS; J. Browning, M. Feigenson, C. Lepre, D. Monteverde, B. Turrin
Introductory geology for the non-science major, designed to give a broad, basic understanding of the planet on which we reside, its age and origin, composition and evolution, interrelationships of Earth's major physical systems, scientific revolutions in Earth Science, and the role the physical Earth plays in global politics and economics.

No prerequisites; designed for non-science majors and minors. Some sections are online only. NOTE: Credit not given for both this course and 460:101 Introductory Geology

Browning syllabus || Feigenson syllabus (online)


01:460:101--Introductory Geology (4 cr); NS; C. Swisher
Geological concepts, principles, processes, chemistry, and physics of the Earth and the interplay of Earth Systems. Course explores the Earth as a whole, its origin, structure, composition, history and the nature of the processes that resulted in its formation and its present state. Course includes a 3-hour lab.

No prerequisites; course designed for all science majors and minors. Required for all Geology Majors / Minors. Non science majors / minors should register for 01:460:100 Planet Earth. NOTE: Credit not given for both this course and 460:100 Planet Earth.

Syllabus (Monteverde)


01:460:103--Introductory Geology Laboratory (1 cr); C. Swisher / Staff
Explores mineral and rock identification, geological sample analysis, structural and seismological interpretation, and field observation.

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor or Undergraduate Program Director. For students requiring fulfillment of the Geological Sciences lab requirement who have previously taken 01:460:100 Planet Earth or equivalent. Lab times are those scheduled for 01:460:101 labs. Lab. 3 hrs.

Syllabus (Hanafi)


01:460:110--Sea Change: The rise and fall of sea level and the Jersey shore (3 cr); NS, CCO; K. Miller
History of climate and sea-level change during Earth history.

No prerequisites. Signature class for all students; recitation meets every other week.



01:460:116--Building Blocks of the Solar System (3 cr); NS; K. Bermingham    NEW COURSE
What is the Solar System made of? How did it and the planets form? Why does the Solar System contain life? In the context of learning about the role of chemistry in the evolution of our world, these and other fundamental questions in planetary science will be discussed.

No prerequisites. Signature class for all students; recitation meets every other week.



01:460:120--Introduction to Oceanography (3 cr); NS, CCO; G. Taghon, K. Bidle, S. Severman
Ongoing discoveries and developing knowledge including plate tectonics, the properties and motion of the ocean (waves, tides, and currents), ocean resources (food, energy, minerals), and related marine environmental issues that are changing our understanding of the way our planet works and that impact on our lives.

No prerequisites. Credit not given for this course and 01:460:209 or 11:628:120.


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200 Level (Survey Courses for Non-Majors, Majors & Minors)

01:460:201--Earthquakes and Volcanoes (3 cr); NS; Staff
Plate tectonics and the origin of earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, mechanisms, consequences, and effect on man.

No prerequisites; online course.

Adamo syllabus (winter)  || Adamo syllabus (fall/spring)


01:460:202--Environmental Geology (3 cr); NS; P. Sugarman
Analyses of issues and case studies related to cleaning of the environment, finding and using resources, predicting and mitigating natural disasters, and understanding global change.

No prerequisites; online course.

Syllabus (online)


01:460:203 --Building and Maintaining a Habitable Planet (3 cr); NS, CCO; R. Kopp
Understanding human-cause environmental changes in the context of Earth's 4.6 billion year history. Geological and human timescales; planetary habitability; planetary, biological, and civilizational flows of energy and entropy; feedbacks between life, the carbon cycle, and climate; the evolution of complex life; human alterations of the Earth system; intelligent life in the universe.

No prerequisites



01:460:204--Water Planet (3 cr); NS, CCO; Y. Rosenthal, R. Sherrell
Survey of the science, environmental impact, and resource allocation of water on the Earth. Characteristics of water; hydrologic cycle; runoff and erosion; river systems; past and present climates; water quality; political and economic aspects of water.

No prerequisites. Credit not given for this course and 11:628:115, 125, 204, 221 and 01:460:120, 209.



01:460:206--Dinosaurs (3 cr); NS; L. Adamo
Survey of dinosaurian evolution and diversity. Discovery and collection; reconstruction of anatomy, behavior, physiology, and habitats; origin, evolutionary radiation, and extinction.

No prerequisites

Adamo syllabus (in class) || Adamo syllabus (online/winter)


01:460:207--Oil and Gold: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (3 cr); NS, CCO; R. Schlische
Introduction to the geologic setting and origin of the Earth’s natural resources. Topics include the exploitation of energy resources (oil and gas) and metallic and nonmetallic deposits and the impact of the exploitation of these natural resources on society.

No prerequisites



01:460:212--Earth and Life Through Time (3 cr); NS; J. Wright
Relationships between the development of Earth and its continents and oceans, atmosphere and climate, and the evolution of life through time. 

No prerequisites. Credit not given for both this course and 460:102 Introductory Geology 2--Historical.



01:460:213--A Walk Through Time: Evolution of Mammals (3 cr); NS; C. Lepre
Introduction to current perspectives on the origins and fossil history of mammals. Critical evaluation of the “how” and “why” theories of evolution and adaption through a detailed presentation of the “who”, “what”, “when”, and “where” facts gathered by geological, biological, and paleontological research.

No prerequisites



01:460:222--Planet Mars (3 cr); NS, CCO; J. Gross; L. Ojha
Planet Mars is the next frontier. Cross-disciplinary evidence for the formation and evolution of the planet over 4.56 billion years and the Martian climate system will be explored. Interpretation of Mars' surface from current and future space missions will be used to search for likely landing sites on the planet.

No prerequisites

Syllabus (Lunning)


01:460:224--Geology of the Moons and Planets (3 cr); NS, CCO; L. Ojha
Origin, composition, and evolution of the solar system, meteorites, comets, asteroids, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, Saturn and its satellites, Uranus, and Neptune.

No prerequisites

Syllabus (Delaney)


01:460:225--Astrobiology (3 cr); NS; N. Yee
Investigation of the origin, evolution, and distribution of life in our solar system and beyond. Addresses some of the biggest questions in science today such as where life began, whether there is life on other planets, and how scientists search for extraterrestrial life.

No prerequisites



300 Level (Core Courses for Majors & Minors)

01:460:300--Introduction to Sedimentary Geology (4 cr); J. Browning, K. Miller
Interpretation of sedimentary rocks; their relation to depositional environment and processes. Analysis of sedimentary sequrences in time and space. Principles of correlation. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips.

Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103)

Syllabus (Welcome) || Syllabus (schedule)


01:460:301--Mineralogy (4 cr); M. Feigenson
Chemistry, crystal structure, optical properties of minerals, and minerals as records of processes that shaped the Earth and extraterrestrial bodies. Laboratory: identification of minerals in hand specimen, thin section, electron microprobe and scanning electron  microscope. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs

Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103), 01:160:161 (General Chemistry 1). Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:210. 



01:460:302--Petrology (4 cr); Staff
Origin of Earth’s crust and mantle through the study of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Laboratory: hand specimens and thin sections of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs

Prerequisite: 01:460:301. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:210 

Syllabus (VanTongeren)


01:460:303--Paleontology (4 cr); M.-P. Aubry
Principles of paleobiology and phylogenetic systematics. Phylogenetic and mathematical analyses of the Earth's fossil record. Laboratory study of invertebrate fossils.  Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips.

Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103)

Syllabus (McGhee)


01:460:304--Introduction to Geochemistry (4 cr); L. Godfrey, R. Mortlock
Low and high temperature geochemistry, element distribution, geochemical structure of the Earth, Laboratory exercises include sample materials, preparation techniques, mass spectrometry, data collection, reduction and interpretation. Lec. 3 hrs., lab 3 hrs.

Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103); 01:160:161 (General Chemistry 1)

Syllabus: Schedule || Assessment


01:460:305--Evolution and Geologic Time (3 cr); M.-P. Aubry
Introduction to the concept of deep time and overview of major events in the evolution of life on earth. Evolutionary patterns and processes through the last 600 million years.

Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100



01:460:306--Introduction to Geophysics (4 cr); V. Levin
Principles of subsurface exploration using seismic waves, gravity and magnetic fields, electric currents and electro-magnetic waves. Applications to problems on scales from global to local. Practical training in executing local geophysical surveys (seismic, electric, magnetic). Lec. 3 hrs., lab 3 hrs. Field trips.

Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103), 01:750:203 (General Physics 1) or equivalent.



01:460:355,356--Geology Colloquium (1 cr); V. Levin
Frontier research in Earth and planetary sciences presented by outside experts and Rutgers scientists. Lec. and discussions 1 hr.

For Geological Sciences majors and minors only


01:460:394--Geologic Context (3 cr); C. Feibel
Field and laboratory studies of Geological context in Archaelogical sites. Data Collection and sampling, sediment analysis, and reporting. Interpretation of depositional and postdepositional features. 

Pre - or corequisite: 01460:300. Credit not given for both this course and 01:070:394. For Geological Sciences and Anthropology majors & minors only.



400 Level (Advanced Core & Elective Courses for Majors & Minors)

01:460:407--Structural Geology and Geologic Maps (4 cr); R. Schlische
Geometry and origin of brittle and ductile structures; stress, strain, rheology, and deformation mechanisms; geologic maps and cross sections; introduction to tectonics and regional structural geology. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field Trips.

Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103). Recommended pre- or corequisites: 01:460:300; 01:640:CALC1.



01:460:408--Geomorphology (3 cr); C. Feibel
Topical course investigating the dynamics of processes and products that control the shape of the Earth’s surface. Investigation of the history of development of the field of geomorphology, the range of variation in geomorphic elements over space and time, and their importance to scientific and societal problems.Lec. 3 hrs.

Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103).



01:460:411--Geologic Field Methods (2 cr); Staff
Introduction to making geological observations in the field. We will examine the evidence in support of the Wilson cycle of supercontinent formation and destruction. Lec. 1 hr., lab. 6 hrs. Multi-day field trips.

Prerequisites: 01:460:302; Recommended: 01:460:407; or permission of instructor.


01:460:414--Hydrologic Processes (3 cr); Y. Fan Reinfelder
Introduction to physical principles of water cycling through the Earth's atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere, with emphasis on water storage, flux, and flow pathways among the various reservoirs near the land surface. Lec. 3 hrs.

Prerequisites: 01:640:CALC1 and 01:750:203 (General Physics 1), or permission of the instructor



01:460:417--Environmental Geochemistry (3 cr); N. Yee, J. Reinfelder
Distribution of elements in the sedimentary environment; behavior of trace metals in sediments and waters.

Pre- or corequisites: 01:460:101, 01:160:162 (General Chemistry 2). Credit not given for this course and 11:375:444 Water Chemistry.



01:460:428--Hydrogeology (3 cr); Y. Fan Reinfelder
Introduction to physical and chemical principles of fluid flow and mass transport through geologic media, with emphasis on quantitative characterization of groundwater systems.

Prerequisites: 01:640:CALC1, 01:750:203 (General Physics 1), and 01:460:101 or (01:460:100 & 01:460:103), or permission of the instructor.



01:460:429--Tectonics and Regional Structural Geology--(3 cr); R. Schlische
Seismic expression of structural styles and their plate-tectonic setting; basement-involved structural styles  (extension, shortening, strike-slip, inversion); detached structurl styles (extension, shortening, and salt)

Prerequisite: 01:460:407 or permission of instructor



01:460:441--Structure and Formation of the Terrestrial Planets (3 cr.) V. Levin, K. Bermingham
Examination of planetary formation processes and hypotheses of planetary evolution in the solar system drawn from seismological and petrological observations of Earth’s well-organized lithological and chemical parts.

Prerequisites: 01:460:302, 01:460:304, 01:460:306 or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 16:460:506.

Course Outline


01:460:442--Dynamics of Planetary Interiors (3 cr.) V. Levin, L. Ojha
Applications of continuum mechanics, thermodynamics and fluid dynamics to the processes within the Earth and other rocky planets of the solar system. Combines fundamental theory with hands-on computer-based data manipulation to connect theoretical expectations of simple models with current knowledge about the planets.

Credit not given for both this course and 16:460:507.

Course Outline


01:460:451--Marine Geology (3 cr); J. Wright, K. Miller
Current knowledge and approaches to studying the Earth covered by ocean, from  shoreline to deepest trench; depth and form of the seafloor as  lower boundary of  water that moves above it; composition of marine sediments; modes of transport into and within ocean basins plus global cycles and history they record; geologic and geophysical tools used to determine this record and infer properties and evolution of ocean crust

Prerequisite: 01:460:300


01:460:476--History of the Earth System (3 cr); P. Falkowski
Integration of atmospheric, oceanographic, geological and biological concepts with an historical perspective to introduce the major processes that have shaped Earth's environment; climatic processes on geological time scales; the evolution of organisms; the cycling of elements; the feedbacks between these processes.

Prerequisites: Introductory Gelogy and Introductory Chemistry, Biology or Physics (or permission of the Instructor).



01:460:480--Major Events In Earth History (3 cr); EPS Faculty
History of the solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere, and life over the past 4.5 billion years as narrated by major events in the geological record.

Prerequisites: All courses for EPS majors in their senior year, or by special permission.



01:460:493,494--Independent Studies in Geology (credits by arrangement)
Topic of study chosen in consultation with a faculty adviser.

Prerequisites: Minimum 3.0 cumulative and geology grade-point averages. Adviser's approval required for registration


01:460:495,96--Honors in Geology (3 cr, 3 cr)
Research project chosen in consultation with a faculty adviser.

Both terms must be completed to receive credit. See Departmental Honors Program for requirements.