Claude T. Herzberg


Claude T. Herzberg
Professor I

Rutgers University
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Room 342 Wright Geological Laboratory
610 Taylor Road
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8066 U.S.A.

email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
tel: (732) 445-3154


  • B.Sc., University of Alberta
  • Ph.D., University of Edinburgh


  • Undergraduate: Minerology, Petrology
  • Graduate: Igneous Petrology, Structure and Formation of the Earth


Petrology and geochemistry of Earth's crust and mantle



If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research (Einstein)




Komatiites: hot plumes melt deep

Selected Publications

  • Herzberg, C.T., Baker, M.B. and Wendlandt, R.F. (1982)  Olivine flotation and settling experiments on the join Mg2Si04-Fe2Si04.  Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 80, 319-323. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1983)  Solidus and liquidus temperatures and mineralogies for anhydrous garnet-lherzolite to 15 GPa.  Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 32, 193-202. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T., Fyfe, W.S. and Carr, M.J. (1983)  Density constraints on the formation of the continental Moho and crust.  Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 84, 1-5. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1992)  Depth and degree of melting of komatiites.  Journal of  Geophysical Research 97, 4521-4540, 1992. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1993) Lithosphere peridotites of the Kaapvaal craton. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters 120, 13-29. PDF
  • Zhang, J. and Herzberg, C.T. (1994) Melting experiments on anhydrous peridotite KLB-1 from 5.0 to 22.5 GPa, Journal of Geophysical Research 99, 17,729-17,742. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Zhang, J. (1996) Melting experiments on anhydrous peridotite KLB-1:  Compositions of magmas in the upper mantle and transition zone.  Journal of Geophysical Research 101, 8271-8295. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Ratteron, P., and Zhang, J. (2000) New experimental observations on the anhydrous solidus for peridotite KLB-1.  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed) 1, Paper number 2000GC000089. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and O'Hara, M.J. (2002). Plume-associated ultramafic magmas of Phanerozoic age.  Journal of Petrology 43, 1857-1883. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2004). Partial crystallization of mid-ocean ridge basalts in the crust and mantle. Journal of Petrology 45, 2389-2405. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2004). Geodynamic information in peridotite petrology. Journal of Petrology 45, 2507-2530. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (2005)  Big lessons from little droplets. Nature 436, 789-790. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2006). Petrology and thermal structure of the Hawaiian plume from Mauna Kea volcano. Nature 444, 605-609. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (2007) Food for a volcanic diet. Science 316, 378-379. PDF
  • Herzberg C., Asimow P.D., Arndt N., Niu Y., Lesher C.M., Fitton J.G., Cheadle M.J., Saunders A.D. (2007). Temperatures in Ambient Mantle and Plumes: Constraints from Basalts, Picrites and Komatiites, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8, doi:10.1029GC001390. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Asimow P.D. (2008). Petrology of some oceanic island basalts: PRIMELT2.XLS software for primary magma calculation, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8, doi:10.1029GC002057. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Gazel, E. (2009). Petrological Evidence for Secular Cooling in Mantle Plumes, Nature, 458, 619-622. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Condie, K., and Korenaga, J., (2010). Thermal history of the Earth and its petrological expression: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 292, p. 79-88. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications for Origins. Journal of Petrology 52, 113-146. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). A Correction to Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications for Origins. Journal of Petrology 52, 1047. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). Basalts as temperature probes of Earth's mantle. Geology 39, 1179-1180. PDF
  • Rooney, T.O., Herzberg, C. and Bastow, I.D. (2012). Elevated mantle temperature beneath East Africa. Geology 40, 27-30. PDF
  • Nikulin, A., Levin, V., Carr, M., Herzberg, C. and West, M. (2012). Evidence for two upper mantle sources driving volcanism in Central Kamchatka. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 321-322, 14-19. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Rudnick, R. (2012). Formation of cratonic mantle: an integrated thermal and petrological model. Lithos 4, 14-19. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Asimow, P., Ionov, D., Vidito, C., Jackson, M.G., Geist, D. (2013). Nickel and helium evidence for melt above the core-mante boundary. Nature 493, 393-397. PDF
  • Vidito, C., Herzberg, C., Gazel, E., Geist, D., Harpp, K. (2013). Lithological structure of the Gal├ípagos plume.
    Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 14, doi:10.1002/ggge.20270. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2014). Archaean drips. Nature Geoscience (News & Views) 7, 7-8. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Cabral, R.A., Jackson, M.D., Vidito, C., Day, J.M.D., Hauri, E. (2014). Phantom Archean crust in Mangaia hotspot lavas and the meaning of heterogeneous mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 396, 97-106. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Asimow, P.D. (2015). PRIMELT3 MEGA.XLSM software for Primary Magma Calculation: Peridotite Primary Magma MgO Contents from the Liquidus to the Solidus. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 16, 563-578, doi:10.1002/2014G005631. PDF  PRIMELT3 MEGA
  • Trela, J., Vidito, C., Gazel, E., Herzberg, C., Class, C. Whalen, W., Jicha, B., Bizimis, M. and Alvarado, G. (2015). Recycled crust in the Galapagos plume source at 70 Ma: implications for plume evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 425, 268-277. PDF
  • Claude Herzberg, Christopher Vidito, and Natalie A. Starkey (2016). Nickel-cobalt contents of olivine record origins of mantle peridotite and related rocks. American Mineralogist 101, 1952-1966. PDF


Canadian Lake 2009
Canadian Lake - Claude Herzberg





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