Claude T. Herzberg


Claude T. Herzberg
Professor I

Rutgers University
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Room 342 Wright Geological Laboratory
610 Taylor Road
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8066 U.S.A.

email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
tel: (732) 445-3154


  • B.Sc., University of Alberta
  • Ph.D., University of Edinburgh


  • Undergraduate: Mineralogy, Petrology, Major Events in Earth History
  • Graduate: Igneous Petrology, Structure and Formation of the Earth


Petrology and geochemistry of Earth's crust and mantle


Komatiites: hot plumes melt deep

Selected Publications

  • Herzberg, C.T., Baker, M.B. and Wendlandt, R.F. (1982)  Olivine flotation and settling experiments on the join Mg2Si04-Fe2Si04.  Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 80, 319-323. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1983)  Solidus and liquidus temperatures and mineralogies for anhydrous garnet-lherzolite to 15 GPa.  Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 32, 193-202. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T., Fyfe, W.S. and Carr, M.J. (1983)  Density constraints on the formation of the continental Moho and crust.  Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 84, 1-5. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1992)  Depth and degree of melting of komatiites.  Journal of  Geophysical Research 97, 4521-4540, 1992. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (1993) Lithosphere peridotites of the Kaapvaal craton. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters 120, 13-29. PDF
  • Zhang, J. and Herzberg, C.T. (1994) Melting experiments on anhydrous peridotite KLB-1 from 5.0 to 22.5 GPa, Journal of Geophysical Research 99, 17,729-17,742. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Zhang, J. (1996) Melting experiments on anhydrous peridotite KLB-1:  Compositions of magmas in the upper mantle and transition zone.  Journal of Geophysical Research 101, 8271-8295. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Ratteron, P., and Zhang, J. (2000) New experimental observations on the anhydrous solidus for peridotite KLB-1.  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed) 1, Paper number 2000GC000089. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and O'Hara, M.J. (2002). Plume-associated ultramafic magmas of Phanerozoic age.  Journal of Petrology 43, 1857-1883. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2004). Partial crystallization of mid-ocean ridge basalts in the crust and mantle. Journal of Petrology 45, 2389-2405. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2004). Geodynamic information in peridotite petrology. Journal of Petrology 45, 2507-2530. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (2005)  Big lessons from little droplets. Nature 436, 789-790. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2006). Petrology and thermal structure of the Hawaiian plume from Mauna Kea volcano. Nature 444, 605-609. PDF
  • Herzberg, C.T. (2007) Food for a volcanic diet. Science 316, 378-379. PDF
  • Herzberg C., Asimow P.D., Arndt N., Niu Y., Lesher C.M., Fitton J.G., Cheadle M.J., Saunders A.D. (2007). Temperatures in Ambient Mantle and Plumes: Constraints from Basalts, Picrites and Komatiites, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8, doi:10.1029GC001390. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Asimow P.D. (2008). Petrology of some oceanic island basalts: PRIMELT2.XLS software for primary magma calculation, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8, doi:10.1029GC002057. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Gazel, E. (2009). Petrological Evidence for Secular Cooling in Mantle Plumes, Nature, 458, 619-622. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Condie, K., and Korenaga, J., (2010). Thermal history of the Earth and its petrological expression: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 292, p. 79-88. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications for Origins. Journal of Petrology 52, 113-146. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). A Correction to Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications for Origins. Journal of Petrology 52, 1047. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2011). Basalts as temperature probes of Earth's mantle. Geology 39, 1179-1180. PDF
  • Rooney, T.O., Herzberg, C. and Bastow, I.D. (2012). Elevated mantle temperature beneath East Africa. Geology 40, 27-30. PDF
  • Nikulin, A., Levin, V., Carr, M., Herzberg, C. and West, M. (2012). Evidence for two upper mantle sources driving volcanism in Central Kamchatka. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 321-322, 14-19. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Rudnick, R. (2012). Formation of cratonic mantle: an integrated thermal and petrological model. Lithos 4, 14-19. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Asimow, P., Ionov, D., Vidito, C., Jackson, M.G., Geist, D. (2013). Nickel and helium evidence for melt above the core-mante boundary. Nature 493, 393-397. PDF
  • Vidito, C., Herzberg, C., Gazel, E., Geist, D., Harpp, K. (2013). Lithological structure of the Gal├ípagos plume.
    Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 14, doi:10.1002/ggge.20270. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2014). Archaean drips. Nature Geoscience (News & Views) 7, 7-8. PDF
  • Herzberg, C., Cabral, R.A., Jackson, M.D., Vidito, C., Day, J.M.D., Hauri, E. (2014). Phantom Archean crust in Mangaia hotspot lavas and the meaning of heterogeneous mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 396, 97-106. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. and Asimow, P.D. (2015). PRIMELT3 MEGA.XLSM software for Primary Magma Calculation: Peridotite Primary Magma MgO Contents from the Liquidus to the Solidus. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 16, 563-578, doi:10.1002/2014G005631. PDF  PRIMELT3 MEGA
  • Trela, J., Vidito, C., Gazel, E., Herzberg, C., Class, C. Whalen, W., Jicha, B., Bizimis, M. and Alvarado, G. (2015). Recycled crust in the Galapagos plume source at 70 Ma: implications for plume evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 425, 268-277. PDF
  • Claude Herzberg, Christopher Vidito, and Natalie A. Starkey (2016). Nickel-cobalt contents of olivine record origins of mantle peridotite and related rocks. American Mineralogist 101, 1952-1966. PDF
  • Gavrilenko, M., Herzberg, C., Vidito, C., Carr, M.J., Tenner, T. and Ozerov, A. (2016).  A calcium-in-olivine geohygrometer and its application to subduction zone magmatism. Journal of Petrology 57, 1811-1832. PDF
  • Herzberg, C. (2016). Petrological evidence from komatiites for an early Earth carbon and water cycle.  Journal of Petrology, in press. PDF


Canadian Lake 2009
Canadian Lake - Claude Herzberg





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